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Food Safety

Research by Topic: Food Safety
National Agricultural Law Center
This website provides an overview of food safety laws, including their history and enforcement, and the role of federal agencies in their administration.  The site also links to major statutes, regulations, and case law on the topic, among other resources. 


Federal Food Safety Laws
National Conference of State Legislatures
This website provides a thorough overview of federal food safety regulations, and specifically covers the Food Safety and Inspection Services’ (FSIS’) authority under the Federal Meat, Poultry and Egg Products Inspection Act.


Raw Milk Facts: State by State
Real Raw Milk Facts
This website provides information on state-specific milk regulations for all 50 states.  Each state’s page also contains information on state bills and acts that are pertinent to the milk regulations within that state.


FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA)
United States Food & Drug Administration (FDA)
This FDA website provides a comprehensive overview of the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA).  The site also provides a report on the progress of implementing the act, as well as toolkits on the proposed rules which are intended specifically for farmers.


The Food Safety Modernization Act: Learn More, Act Today!
National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition
This website provides an advocacy oriented perspective on the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA).  It also contains links to user-friendly overviews of the legislation and the potential impacts of rules proposed under the Act.


UrbanAgLaw Topics: Food, Ag, and Health Regulations
Sustainable Economies Law Center
This website “provides information about agricultural, health, and safety regulations affecting commercial urban farm operations on federal, state and local levels.”  The resource is organized by agricultural product.


National Good Agricultural Practices Program
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Department of Food Science at Cornell University
This website includes resources for farmers seeking to adopt Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) programs to reduce microbial risks in fruit and vegetable production.  The website includes links to educational materials to help farmers adopt and implement practices that reduce food safety risks, and a “decision tree” to help farmers identify existing food safety risks.


Grading, Certification and Verification: Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Audit Programs
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Service (USDA-AMS)
This website provides information on voluntary independent audit programs for produce suppliers available through the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service, including Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) and Good Handling Practices (GHP) audits.  The website also includes links to the checklists USDA auditors follow, which help to inform producers about what auditors will look for during their visits.


Food Safety Resources and Tools
Michigan Farm and Food Safety
This website provides links to a number of resources and tools available to farmers on Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) and food safety certification, including information on conducting a self-audit.


Understanding Food Safety Regulations for Farm-Direct Sales: A Study of Connecticut, Massachusetts, New York and Vermont
Northeast Sustainable Agriculture Working Group; Northeast States Association for Agricultural Stewardship; Conservation Law Foundation; Northeast Sustainable Agriculture Working Group
This resource is a 2007 report that “describes the regulatory framework that applies to farm-direct sales and the architecture of government agencies that have jurisdiction.  It identifies challenges and recommends policies.”  NOTE: although the general information provided here is good, specific state regulations may have changed since publication.