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Labor and Employment

Research by Topic: Labor
National Agricultural Law Center
This website provides an overview of laws and regulations affecting employment on farms.  The overview covers topics including wages, working conditions, immigration, and employment opportunities, and provides links to the major statutes and regulations relevant to farm labor and employment.


Research by Topic: Labor
National Agricultural Law Center
This website provides an overview of laws and regulations affecting employment on farms.  The overview covers topics including wages, working conditions, immigration, and employment opportunities, and provides links to the major statutes and regulations relevant to farm labor and employment.


Farm Interns, Employees, and Volunteers
Farm Commons
This website provides information and guides on hiring farm employees.  The guides include Action Plan for Intern Programs, Creating a Farm Internship Program, and Creating a Farm Apprenticeship Program.  The site also provides guides on wages in the form of food, housing, and products, as well as information on volunteer and work share agreements and waivers.  NOTE: in order to access the information a user must provide their contact information. 


UrbanAgLaw Topics: Employment Laws
Sustainable Economies Law Center
This website provides information on employment laws for farm operations, with a specific focus on urban agricultural operations.  The topics covered include: who enforces employment laws, what it means to have employees, who is not an employee, and who can be considered a volunteer, intern, independent contractor, or partner.  The site also provides advice for when it is appropriate to consult with a lawyer on employment and labor matters.


Agricultural Labor: Laws
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Office of the Chief Economist
This USDA website provides links to a variety of resources on labor laws for farm operations, including the publication, Employment Law Guide: Law, Regulations, and Technical Assistance Services.  The site also provides information on the Immigration and Nationality Act, minimum wage and overtime pay, migrant and seasonal agricultural workers, the H-2A Program, and adverse effect wage rates.


Wages and Hours Worked: Worker Protection in Agriculture
United States Department of Labor (DOL)
This DOL website provides an overview of federal agricultural employment laws.  The site specifically provides an overview of the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (MSPA), and covers topics including: basic provisions and requirements, employee rights, recordkeeping, reporting, notices and posters, penalties and sanctions, the laws’ relation to State, local and other federal laws, compliance assistance, and DOL contracts.