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Labor and Employment

Research by Topic: Labor
National Agricultural Law Center
This website provides access to the major statutes and regulations that apply to agricultural employees.  Among the statutes included are: Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (MSPA), Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA), and Federal Insecticide Fungicide Rodenticide Act (FIFRA).


Labor and Employment Issues
Illinois Direct Farm Business
This website sets forth many of the most important provisions within a variety of federal statutes concerning agricultural employment law.  Areas covered include fair labor standards, occupational health and safety, migrant and seasonal workers, and employer’s liability for injuries, among others.


Farm Interns, Employees, and Volunteers
Farm Commons
This website provides information and guides on hiring farm employees, including guides entitled: Action Plan for Intern Programs, Creating a Farm Internship Program, and Creating a Farm Apprenticeship Program.  The site also provides guides on wages in the form of food, housing, and products, as well as information on volunteer and work share agreements and waivers.  NOTE: your personal information is needed in order to access these documents.


UrbanAgLaw Topics: Employment Law
Sustainable Economies Law Center
This website provides information on employment laws for farm operations, with a specific focus on urban agricultural operations.  The topics covered include: who enforces employment laws, what it means to have employees, who is not an employee, who can be considered a volunteer, intern, independent contractor, or partners, and when it is appropriate to consult with a lawyer on employment and labor matters.


Agricultural Labor: Laws
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Office of the Chief Economist
This USDA website provides links to a variety of resources on labor laws for farm operations including the publication, Employment Law Guide: Law, Regulations, and Technical Assistance Services.  The site also provides information on the Immigration and Nationality Act (MSPA), minimum wage and overtime pay, migrant and seasonal agricultural workers, the H-2A Program, and adverse effect wage rates.


Wages and Hours Worked: Worker Protection in Agriculture
United States Department of Labor (DOL)
This DOL website provides an overview of federal agricultural employment laws.  Specifically, the site overviews the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (MSPA), covering topics including its basic provisions and requirements, employee rights, recordkeeping, reporting, notices and posters, penalties and sanctions, the law’s relation to State, local and other federal laws, compliance assistance, and DOL contracts.